Fatigue, nausea, weight loss, diarrhoea, jaundice, joint pain and vomiting are some of the symptoms of Hep A. They are not experienced by everyone and may last from a week to a month. The rate of infection has remarkably reduced with vaccines, available from 1995, in the United States. Many of the children born since the 90s are immunised against hep A.
Immune globulin shots, if taken within a fortnight of exposure to the virus, guarantee cure to the affected person .
Since it is easily curable, the situation is not so alarming even in the case of outbreak.
The yearly odds of being infected with hep A in U.S. are 1:83,330
HBV is usually transmitted through infected blood or mucus. It is 50-100 times easier to sexually transmit this virus than HIV.
It is imperative to look at the reasons for this infection in order to calculate the real risk during an outbreak.
More often than not, hospitals and dental clinics are the source of prospective outbreak. Use of inappropriately sanitized medical instruments are reasons for the spread of infection. But, according to CDC, only 19 percent of “at-risk” individuals contract this disease in hospitals.
Shockingly, sharing needles for injection drugs constitutes 94 perfect of confirmed cases of hep B. Abstaining from such risky behavior diminishes the the risk factor almost completely.
Since Hepatitis B vaccines are available in the United States from 1981, most infants are vaccinated at birth. The symptoms of hep B are similar to hep A and are mostly cured naturally by the body in nine out of ten cases in three to six months.
1:62,500 is the annual risk of contracting hep B annually in U.S.
HCV is commonly transmitted through blood. It is the top most blood borne infection prevalent in the United States with roughly 3.2 million people affected.
The risk of getting infected through blood transfusion has decreased over the past two decades since stringent tests for the virus are followed by the medical community before any transfusion or transplant.
Sexual transmission is reported, although a very low rate, specially in men indulging in sexual activities with men(MSM)
Even if struck by an infected needle or syringe at a medical facility, the chances of contracting HCV are as low as 1.8 percent. Also, according to studies on the topic, 15-25 percent actually get cured naturally without undergoing any treatment.
Sadly, there is no vaccine for Hepatitis C and because of vague symptoms, 90 percent of infected individuals end up with chronic liver disease.
The odds of getting affected by hep C in U.S. are 1:333,300
In the eventuality of contracting HAV, HBV or HCV, one has plenty of alternatives that can help you heal and recuperate even in the most chronic cases.