Hepatitis C And Liver Cancer

People who have cirrhosis because of HCV have a greater risk of liver cancer.

The incidence of liver cancer is increasing in the U.S.

Among the cause of cancer deaths in men, liver cancer ranks number five and among women, it is ranked number eight.

The two categories of liver cancer are primary and secondary.

Primary cancer refers to the one that starts in the liver.

The most common type of primary liver cancer is Hepatocellular Carcinoma or HCC, otherwise called hepatoma.

There are other types of benign and malignant tumours of the liver.

Secondary cancer, otherwise known as metastatic cancer, happens when cancer starts in another part of the body and spreads to the liver.

An estimate of half of all such cases metasizes into the liver. Colorectal cancer is an example.


We are here to help! Save more than 70% of your medical bill! Get helpful information about managing Hep C.


Risk Factors
Majority of HCC occurs with people who have risk factors. If you have more number of risk factors, the chances of getting liver cancer become higher. Any reason that may cause cirrhosis, inclusive of HCV, is considered a risk for liver cancer. Many primary liver cancers start with cirrhosis, yet most people with cirrhosis never get liver cancer.
Other risk factors include:

  • Viral hepatitis
  • Age (more than 60)
  • Heavy alcoholism
  • Race / ethnicity
  • Family history
  • Tobacco use
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Use of steroids or male hormones
  • Certain inherited diseases like hemochromatosis
  • Ingestion of arsenic in drinking water
  • Exposure to certain chemicals
  • Aflatoxins, fungus sometimes found in peanuts, corn etc

Signs and Symptoms
Liver cancer becomes life threatening mostly because the signs and symptoms surface very late.
Pain or discomfort in the upper side of the abdomen
Lump or heavy feeling in the right side of the abdomen

  • Pain in the back or shoulder
  • Appetite loss
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Swollen belly
  • Unexplained fatigue
  • Itching
  • Fever
  • Bruising, bleeding
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Jaundice
  • Dark coloured urine
  • Pale coloured stool
  • Tremors, confusion
  • Enlarged veins on the belly
  • Breast enlargement or shrinkage of testicles in men
  • Low sugar levels causing fatigue or fainting

Screening with ultrasound is recommended every six months for HCV positive people


Everything that prevents cirrhosis or Hepatitis the risk of cancer in the liver too. Immunization is advised for Hepatitis A and B. Other ways to reduce HCC risk are to abstain from alcohol, maintain normal weight, quit smoking, avoid steroid use.

Assessing liver cancer
Once it is confirmed, HCC needs to be studied to know what stage it is in. Treatment is based on the stage. The size of the tumour is measured, the number of tumours, have they invaded blood vessels etc.
The four stages for adults are:

  • Stage I – only 1 tumour, and it has not spread
  • Stage 2 – only 1 tumour that has invaded nearby blood vessels or more than one tumour, each less than 2 inches
  • Stage 3 – there are several tumours and at least one of them is larger than 2 inches or the tumour has invaded surrounding areas or lymph nodes
  • Stage 4 – the cancer has metasized into the other parts of the body.

Treating liver cancer

A lot of treatment options are available. It includes chemotherapy, ablation, liver transplant, radiation, surgery, targeted therapy etc.

Ablation means to destroy the tissue or to remove it. Radiofrequency ablation is a common form and is done for small tumours when surgery or transplant is not a viable option.

Chemotherapy is not usually effective in HCC. Nevertheless, it is used in conjunction with other forms of treatment.

Embolization involves injecting substances so that blood flow to the cancer cells can be blocked. Chemoembolization is very commonly used for HCC.

Liver Transplant potentially can cure HCC, as the entire organ is removed. This is a better option for people with cirrhosis.

Radiation helps to shrink the tumour and reduce pain.

Surgical removal of tumour is done in case the size of the tumour is small and hasn’t spread.

Targeted therapy interferes with cell growth and targets cancer cell specifically.


Surcation® is already helping patients whose insurance doesn’t cover the cost of Harvoni® with medical tourism. If you chose the similar treatment in the US, it costs between $84,000 and $95,000 just for the medication. If you are approved by your insurance, you still have today’s high deductibles and co-pays. You pay just $6800 when you chose hepatitis medical tourism with Surcation®. You can bring your spouse along for a total price is $6,400. Our clients are offered the best treatment available provided by world renowned doctors at a fraction of the cost. Surcation® offers medical financing if needed.


Call 928-328-8909 to get helpful information, a Hep C guide, and facts about managing Hep C.

Get Your Tourism package
Surcation is a trademark of Destination Surcations, LLC. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Web Design Credits