Earlier, there was a difference in the treatment methods of acute and chronic patients. But with new medications being available, this has changed. There are guidelines that suggest a waiting time of six months to see if the body can clear the HCV by itself and this is called spontaneous clearance. If this does not occur, then the infection is treated as chronic.
Irrespective of whether you have been treated prior or not, the doctor will prescribe medicines and the duration of the treatment based on your lab results and history. It would be based on factors like the HCV genotype, your viral load, past treatment experience (if any), if you have cirrhosis, if you are a liver transplant recipient etc.
Some of the treatment options available are Copegus, Moderiba and Ribasphere, Daklinza, Epclusa,Harvoni, Olysio, Pegasys, Pegintron, Sovaldi, Technivie, Viekira Pak, Zepatier.